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Why were submarines originally considered useless weapons?

Why were submarines originally considered useless weapons?

Submarines, filled with exposed piping and crammed with machinery, had no space to take prisoners aboard. Additionally, the submarine could never carry enough sailors to provide crews to man captured ships. Therefore, the submarine was considered a useless weapon against civilian shipping.

Why were submarines considered ineffective for blockading a country?

The plane was forced down behind enemy line and because of that the Germans now knew how to make the airplane machine gun. Why were submarines considered ineffective for blockading a country? What solved the problem? There was no space for prisoners.

What impact did submarines have?

Submarines changed the war because it was easier to attack enemies from under the water. As a result, Germany sank British ships. Not only was it easier, but since they were able to hold more people, it was a much effective than boats. It also Changed the war because of the unrestricted submarine warfare policy.

Why were submarines an effective weapon in naval warfare?

By World War II they were so effective against warships that they sank nearly as much aircraft carrier tonnage as was sunk by aircraft. The submarine stalks its prey while the target—a warship, merchant ship, or convoy—seeks clues as to its presence in order to take evasive action.

How many German submarines were lost in WWII?

In World War II Germany built 1,162 U-boats, of which 785 were destroyed and the remainder surrendered (or were scuttled to avoid surrender) at the capitulation.

Which country was the first to use submarines?

Submarines were first built by Dutch inventor Cornelius van Drebel in the early 17th century, but it was not until 150 years later that they were first used in naval combat. David Bushnell, an American inventor, began building underwater mines while a student at Yale University.

How many ships did Germany sink using this strategy?

5,000 ships
The German navy used the Unterseeboot, or U-boat, to sink 5,000 ships measuring more than 13 million gross register tons during the war.

Why does Spiegel hesitate before launching the torpedo in ww1?

What were the benefits of using submarines in warfare? The ultimate result was it outraged many Americans,helping to draw the U.S. into the war. Why does Spiegel hesitate before launching the torpedo? He witnessed horses on the deck, but decides he must still launch the torpedo.

How many US submarines were lost in ww2?

Fifty-two submarines
Fifty-two submarines of the United States Navy were lost during World War II.

How did submarines change over time?

The submarine was caused to change over time in many different ways. Multiple submarine used to sink because they didn’t have the correct things to stay submerged. Also the submarines changed to fight in the military and destroy ships above them.

Has a submarine ever sunk another submarine?

While returning to Bergen, Norway to repair a misfiring engine, U-864 was detected and sunk on 9 February 1945 by the British submarine HMS Venturer, killing all 73 on board. It is the only documented instance in the history of naval warfare where one submarine intentionally sank another while both were submerged.

Which submarine sank the most ships in ww2?

USS Tang
With 33 ships sunk, the USS Tang sank the most tonnage of shipping in World War II for the United States. Its tonnage was revised from the Joint Army–Navy Assessment Committee (JANAC) report, which initially credited Tang with fewer sinkings.

What is the definition of an anti submarine weapon?

In its simplest sense, an anti-submarine weapon is usually a projectile, missile or bomb that is optimized to destroy submarines . Prior to about 1890, naval weapons were only used against surface shipping. With the rise of the military submarine after this time, countermeasures were considered for use against them.

What was the first submarine in the US Navy?

The world’s first combat submarine, invented by David Bushnell, was devised as a means of breaking the British blockade of Boston Harbor but was unsuccessful on multiple attempts. The U.S. Navy officially joined the undersea world when it purchased USS Holland (SS-1) on 11 April 1900, and commissioned her on 12 October 1900.

Why was submarines so vulnerable in World War 1?

During World War I and II, submarines were at their most vulnerable when their noisy, air-breathing diesel engines forced them surface to recharge batteries, exposing the boats to detection and attack.

Which is the most capable submarine in the Navy?

Today’s submarine force is the most capable force in the world and the history of the U.S. Navy. The composition of the current force consists of Los Angeles, Ohio, Seawolf, and Virginia -class submarines.