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Why was the Voting Rights Act passed?

Why was the Voting Rights Act passed?

The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

When did the Voting Rights Act end?

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting….Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Nicknames Voting Rights Act
Enacted by the 89th United States Congress
Effective August 6, 1965
Public law 89-110

How did the voting rights act end?

However, in 1875 the Supreme Court struck down parts of the legislation as unconstitutional in United States v. Cruikshank and United States v. Reese. After the Reconstruction Era ended in 1877, enforcement of these laws became erratic, and in 1894, Congress repealed most of their provisions.

How long did the Voting Rights Act last?

Originally set to expire after 10 years, Congress reauthorized Section 203 in 1982 for seven years, expanded and reauthorized it in 1992 for 15 years, and reauthorized it in 2006 for 25 years.

Who voted for the Civil Rights Act?

Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into law on August 6, 1965, with Martin Luther King Jr. and other civil rights leaders present at the ceremony.

Why was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 important?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.

How did the civil rights movement affect the south?

During the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, voting rights activists in the South were subjected to various forms of mistreatment and violence.

Why did the Supreme Court gut the VRA?

The Supreme Court’s gutting of the VRA’s preclearance requirement in Shelby County v. Holder (2013) has emerged as an emblem of this tension. In Shelby, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the “coverage formula” in Section 4 (b) of the VRA was unconstitutional, effectively gutting Section 5’s preclearance requirement.