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Why does etc need oxygen?

Why does etc need oxygen?

Oxygen plays a vital role in energy production via a system called electron transport chain (ETC), which is an important component of cellular respiration. Oxygen acts as a final electron acceptor that helps move electrons down a chain that results in adenosine triphosphate production.

How do electrons move in the electron transport chain?

Electrons move through the electron transport chain from a higher to lower energy state. Energy release moves protons through channels in the membrane proteins, moving them into the inner membrane space. This leads to a buildup of positively charged protons, which creates an electrical potential across the membrane.

What does cellular respiration use to pull electrons down?

In cellular respiration, electrons from glucose move gradually through the electron transport chain towards oxygen, passing to lower and lower energy states and releasing energy at each step. The goal of cellular respiration is to capture this energy in the form of ATP.

What molecules carry electrons to the electron transport chain?

All of the electrons that enter the transport chain come from NADH and FADH 2​start subscript, 2, end subscript molecules produced during earlier stages of cellular respiration: glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and the citric acid cycle.

Can electrons carry energy?

Current electricity happens when electrons flow from one place to another, usually within an electrical circuit. This is because electrons carry electrical energy from one place to another.

Why do electrons keep moving in the air?

Once it is in its ground state, there is literally no way for it to lose energy. This is why electrons keep moving; there is no way for them to slow down, because that would mean losing energy and they cannot lose any more energy once they have reached their ground state.

Where do electrons get their ever-lasting circulating energy?

If it was orbiting around the nucleus in the classical sense, it would be an accelerated charge and as such would radiate energy in the form of electromagnetic waves. Losing energy like that it would very quickly fall into the nucleus. In fact that is one of the reasons physicists came up with quantum mechanics.

Is it possible to knock an electron off an atom?

You might be interested in some more properties of those electrons in atoms. If just the right amount on energy is applied, it is possible to knock an electron up to a higher energy orbital (a different shape of cloud, not so close to the nucleus), or even completely off of the atom.

Why do electrons stop moving in the nucleus?

That’s called Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. It could quit moving if it spread out more, but that would mean not being as near the nucleus, and having higher potential energy. Big momenta mean big kinetic energies.