Table of Contents
What was the purpose of the Spanish settlement?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
What did the Spanish do to protect their claim of Texas?
The Spanish Colonial era in Texas began with a system of missions and presidios, designed to spread Christianity and to establish control over the region. Presidios were the missions’ secular counterpart. The earliest were small garrisons of Spanish soldiers who protected travel along roadways.
Why did Spanish settlements fail?
Rebellion by brutalized soldiers or starved African slaves ended two colonies. Attack-by-rival became another cause of failed colonies. The Spanish massacred the French Huguenots near Florida in 1565 and sent spies to Jamestown in 1613 to determine if eradicating the fledgling colony was its best move.
What were the effects of Spanish colonization in the Americas?
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.
What land did Spain claim in North America?
At its greatest extent, the Spanish crown claimed on the mainland of the Americas much of North America south of Canada, that is: all of present-day Mexico and Central America except Panama; most of present-day United States west of the Mississippi River, plus the Floridas.
What was the most successful mission in Texas?
In San Antonio, The Alamo is the most iconic mission, as the Battle of the Alamo is the most famous battle in Texas and a defining moment in American history. The 1836 siege paved the way for Texas independence from Mexico and Texas’ eventual entry into the United States of America, representing a legacy of courage.
What was a negative effect of the Spanish missions in Texas?
TEST 2 REVIEW – Spanish Missions in Texas
|Reasons why the Spanish established missions in America||to convert Native Americans to Catholicism, to spread Spanish culture, &to make allies with Native Americans.|
|TWO negative things that happened to Native Americans on missions.||They were enslaved & contracted diseases|
What was the first Spanish settlement?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola.
What did most colonists live on?
Most colonial families lived on farms, and needed their children at home in order to be able to help out on the farm, instead of continuing their education in a school. Was education common in the colonies? Education was not common.
What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization?
They invaded the land of the native americans, treating them in an unfriendly and violent manner when they arrived. The effects of colonization on the native populations in the New World were mistreatment of the natives, harsh labor for them, and new ideas about religion for the spaniards.
Why did the Spanish want to settle in California?
It would take another 70 years before the Spanish began to settle in California; Father Junipero Serra built Mission San Diego, the first mission in present-day California, in 1769. To protect these missions, the Spanish established presidios, where soldiers lived. The main goal of these missions was to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
Why did Spain want to colonize the United States?
Spain was driven by three main motivations. Columbus, in his voyage, sought fame and fortune, as did his Spanish sponsors. To this end, Spain built a fort in 1565 at what is now St. Augustine, Florida; today, this is the oldest permanent European settlement in the United States.
Where was the first Spanish settlement in Texas?
The first Spanish missions were established in the 1680s near present-day San Angelo, El Paso and Presidio – areas that were closely tied to settlements in what is today New Mexico. In 1690, Spanish missions spread to East Texas after news surfaced of La Salle’s French settlements in the area.
Why did the Spanish need soldiers for the missions?
Soldiers are necessary to defend the Indian from the enemy, and to keep an eye on the mission Indians, now to encourage them, now to carry news to the nearest presidio in case of trouble. For the spiritual and temporal progress of the missions two soldiers are needed…especially in new conversions.