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What is the product of chlorination?

What is the product of chlorination?

In disinfection, gaseous chlorine (Cl2) or liquid sodium hypochlorite (bleach, NaOCl) is added to, and reacts with, water to form hypochlorous acid. In the presence of bromine, hypobromous acid is also formed. Both chlorine and bromine are in the “halogen” group of elements, and have similar chemical characteristics.

What is the by product during chlorination of methane?

Chlorination of methane is a free radical reaction. During the process if two methyl radicals collapse they form ethane. So, ethane is also formed as a byproduct.

What is chlorination reaction?

Chlorination: Any reaction or process in which chlorine (and no other elements) are introduced into a molecule. Chlorination of an alkene by electrophilic addition of Cl2. Chlorination of a benzene ring by electrophilic aromatic substitution.

What is the final product of chlorination?

Thus the final product of chlorination of methane in the sunlight is carbon tetrachloride, i.e. option D is the correct answer. Note: The chlorination of methane also takes place in thermal conditions. If the amount of chlorine is limited then the major product is methyl chloride i.e. \[C{H_3}Cl\].

What is the major product of chlorination of ethylbenzene?

Complete answer: When chlorination of ethylbenzene is carried out in presence of heat or light, 1-chloro-1-phenylethane is obtained as the major product.

What type of reaction is chlorination of methane?

One of the hydrogen atoms in the methane has been replaced by a chlorine atom, so this is a substitution reaction.

What is chlorination with example?

Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is made up of the sodium salts of hypochlorous acid and is a chlorine-containing compound that can be used as a disinfectant. It is produced when chlorine gas is dissolved into a sodium hydroxide solution.

What are 3 uses for chlorine?

Chlorine also has a multitude of industrial uses. Including making bulk materials like bleached paper products, plastics such as PVC and the solvents tetrachloromethane, chloroform and dichloromethane. It is also used to make dyes, textiles, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides and paints.

Which is the best method to prepare alkyl chloride?

When we used thionyl chloride for preparation of alkyl chloride, the byproducts of the reaction such as SO2​ and HCl being gases, escape into the atmosphere leaving behind only alkyl chlorides in almost pure state.

What is the general formula of alkanes?

Alkanes have the general formula of CnH2n+2 where n is the number of carbon atoms.

What are the types of chlorination?

Types of Chlorination

  • Plain Chlorination. Chlorination of water relatively free from suspended matter without any other treatment.
  • Pre Chlorination.
  • Post Chlorination.
  • Free Available Chlorine.
  • Combine Available Chlorine.

What are the products of chlorination of alkanes?

Chlorination of alkanegives a mixture of different products. free radicals are formed during the reaction to keep the continuous reaction. Different alkyl chloride compounds, extended carbon chains compounds and HCl are formed as products in product mixture.

What happens when an alkane larger than ethane is halogenated?

Selectivity When alkanes larger than ethane are halogenated, isomeric products are formed. Thus chlorination of propane gives both 1-chloropropane and 2-chloropropane as mono-chlorinated products. Four constitutionally isomeric dichlorinated products are possible, and five constitutional isomers exist for the trichlorinated propanes.

Which is more selective bromine or alkane for chlorination?

A chain reaction mechanism for the chlorination of methane has been described. Bromination of alkanes occurs by a similar mechanism, but is slower and more selective because a bromine atom is a less reactive hydrogen abstraction agent than a chlorine atom, as reflected by the higher bond energy of H-Cl than H-Br.

Which is the second step in the chlorination reaction?

Propagation: The second step in the chlorination reaction is propagation. In this step, the chlorine free radical that is formed attacks the carbon-hydrogen bond of alkane and an alkyl free radical will form. The reaction progresses by the formation of more free radicals by the mutual reactions.