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What is the nickname of coral reefs?
Often nicknamed the “rainforests of the sea,” coral reefs are some of the most diverse ecosystems on Earth. Scientists believe that more than a million species around the world live on coral reefs.
What are coral reefs article?
Corals are tiny animals that live in large communities made up of individual polyps that secrete a calcium carbonate substance that hardens and builds up to form the reef structure over time. There are different types of corals, such as brain corals and fan corals, that form different types of structures.
What are called coral reefs in India?
The major reef formations in India are restricted to the Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay, Gulf of Kutch, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands. While the Lakshadweep reefs are atolls, the others are all fringing reefs. Patchy coral is present in the inter-tidal areas of the central west coast of the country.
How can we protect corals?
- Recycle and dispose of trash properly. Marine debris can be harmful to coral reefs.
- Minimize use of fertilizers.
- Use environmentally-friendly modes of transportation.
- Reduce stormwater runoff.
- Save energy at home and at work.
- Be conscious when buying aquarium fish.
- Spread the word!
Are soft corals legal in India?
Corals are schedule 1 species under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, meaning corals have the same protection as that of a tiger or a leopard. “The collection of these species, dead or alive, is completely banned under Indian laws. They can neither be exported nor imported.
Which is the largest coral reef in India?
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands species of marine animals. In addition to this, Boulder Corals, Boomerang Corals, Red Algae, Brown Algae, Sea Grasses, Wire Corals, Soft Corals and many more. This is the largest coral reef in India.
Do corals feel pain?
“I feel a little bad about it,” Burmester, a vegetarian, says of the infliction, even though she knows that the coral’s primitive nervous system almost certainly can’t feel pain, and its cousins in the wild endure all sorts of injuries from predators, storms, and humans.
Why do we need to protect coral reefs?
Coral reefs provide an important ecosystem for life underwater, protect coastal areas by reducing the power of waves hitting the coast, and provide a crucial source of income for millions of people. Coral reefs teem with diverse life. Thousands of species can be found living on one reef.
What is the largest coral reef on the planet?
the Great Barrier Reef
Stretching for 1,429 miles over an area of approximately 133,000 square miles , the Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. The reef is located off the coast of Queensland, Australia, in the Coral Sea.