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What is the meaning of congenital heart disease?

What is the meaning of congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease is a general term for a range of birth defects that affect the normal way the heart works. The term “congenital” means the condition is present from birth. Congenital heart disease is one of the most common types of birth defect, affecting almost 1 in 100 babies born in the UK.

What makes a heart defect congenital?

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that a baby has at birth. It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it.

What congenital heart abnormalities are the result of?

What Causes Congenital Heart Disease? Congenital heart disease occurs as a result of an early developmental problem in the heart’s structure. The defect typically interferes with the normal flow of blood through the heart, which may affect breathing.

What is most common congenital heart defect?

The most common type of heart defect is a ventricular septal defect (VSD).

Can a baby survive with 3 heart chambers?

Mumbai baby born with rare ‘three-chambered heart’ survives life-saving surgery. Avantika Nair, now two months old, was born preterm at 24 weeks with a condition known as Hypoplastic Left heart syndrome.

What are the two types of congenital heart disease?

CHD can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. CHD causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. CHD is often divided into two types: cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic.

Can stress cause congenital heart defects?

MONDAY, March 25 (HealthDay News) — Stress in mothers before and during pregnancy may boost the risk of congenital heart defects in their children, more new evidence suggests. But the findings aren’t conclusive, and the effect — if it exists — appears to be small.

Is a heart defect the same as heart disease?

Congenital heart disease is one or more problems with the heart’s structure that exist since birth. Congenital means that you’re born with the defect. Congenital heart disease, also called congenital heart defect, can change the way blood flows through your heart.

What are the symptoms of hole in heart?

Atrial septal defect signs and symptoms can include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising.
  • Fatigue.
  • Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen.
  • Heart palpitations or skipped beats.
  • Stroke.
  • Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope.

Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?

Many people with a CHD live independent lives. Some people with a heart defect have little or no disability. For others, disability might increase or develop over time. People with a heart defect might also have genetic problems or other health conditions that increase the risk for disability.

How can I prevent my baby from having a heart defect?

There are some things you can do that might reduce your child’s overall risk of birth defects such as:

  1. Get proper prenatal care.
  2. Take a multivitamin with folic acid.
  3. Don’t drink or smoke.
  4. Get a rubella (German measles) vaccine.
  5. Control your blood sugar.
  6. Manage chronic health conditions.
  7. Avoid harmful substances.

Which celebrities have congenital heart defects?

Celebrities with congenital heart disease. Tedy Bruschi, now an NFL analyst for ESPN, has won multiple Super Bowl rings, all with a history of a repaired atrial septal defect. 7-time Pro-Bowl guard Steve Hutchinson has a congenital heart defect, as well as MMA Fighter/Kickboxer Mark “Fight Shark” Miller (aortic stenosis).

What are the signs of congenital heart disease?

Congenital heart disease can have a range of symptoms, because the condition refers to several different types of heart defect. General signs of congenital heart disease can include: a blue tinge to the skin (cyanosis) rapid breathing. rapid heartbeat. swelling in the legs, tummy and around the eyes.

What does it mean to have a child with a congenital heart defect?

Congenital means your child was born with the heart defect. The defect may affect the heart valves, walls, or blood vessels. Your child may have a hole in part of the heart or narrowing of arteries connected to the heart. Blood may not be able to flow to or flow through your child’s heart correctly. The defect may be mild or severe.

What are the effects of congenital heart disease?

Some congenital heart defects cause more blood to flow to the lungs, causing pressure to build and making your heart work harder. This eventually causes your heart muscle to weaken and sometimes to fail. Heart valve problems. In some types of congenital heart disease, the heart valves are abnormal.