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What is a coastal zone management?

What is a coastal zone management?

Coastal zone management involves managing coastal areas to balance environmental, economic, human health, and human activities. The goals of the CZMA are to “preserve, protect, develop, enhance, and restore where possible, the coastal resources.”

What is shoreline management?

A Shoreline Management Plan (SMP) is a strategy for managing flood and erosion risk for a particular stretch of coastline, over short, medium and long-term periods. SMPs identify the best ways to manage coastal flood and erosion risk to people and the developed, historic and natural environment.

What is the difference between SMP and Iczm?

ICZM works with the concept of littoral cells, or sediment cells. These contain sediment sources, transport paths (flows) and sinks. The SMP area is further divided into sub-cells. SMPs extend across council boundaries, so many councils must work together on an agreed SMP to manage an extended stretch of coastline.

What is Shoreline management in geography?

A Shoreline Management Plan (SMP) is a large-scale report assessing the risks associated with coastal processes. It aims to reduce the risks to people, property and the natural environment. The main objective of a SMP is to identify sustainable long-term management policies for the coast.

What is the importance of the coastal zone?

A coastal zone is the interface between the land and water. These zones are important because a majority of the world’s population inhabit such zones. Coastal zones are continually changing because of the dynamic interaction between the oceans and the land.

Why is coastal zone management necessary?

Coastal zone management is to provide for the best long-term sustainable use of coastal natural resources and for perpetual maintenance of the most beneficial natural environment. It unites government, community, management, sectorial interests for the protection and development of coastal ecosystems and resources.

What are the 4 Shoreline management Plans?

The Shoreline Management Plan identifies the most sustainable management policies over three main timescales – the present day (0-20 years), the medium-term (20-50 years) and the long-term (50-100 years). There are four policy options: Hold the Line, Advance the Line, Managed Realignment, No Active Intervention.

What is the two bays Shoreline management plan?

An SMP sets out the policy for managing a length of coastline in response to the threat of coastal flooding and the risks of erosion. It is a high level non-statutory policy document that aims to balance those risks with natural processes and the consequences of climate change.

Why is ICZM needed?

Major objectives of ICZM are related to: Protecting people and assets at risk. Enhancing sustainability and ecosystem services. Economic development of the coastal zone.

What is the most effective coastal Defence?

Sea Walls. These are the most obvious defensive methods. Sea walls are exactly that. Giant walls that span entire coastlines and attempt to reduce erosion and prevent flooding in the process.

Why do we need coastal management?

The reason for coastal management is obvious, to protect homes and businesses from being damaged and even destroyed by coastal erosion or flooding. Failure to do so can have severe economic and social effects, especially along coastlines which are used for tourism and industry (pretty much all of them).

What is the importance of coastal processes?

The coastal environment is a naturally dynamic system. Coastal processes shape the physical environment, providing habitat such as turtle or seabird nesting beaches, reefs, and mangrove forests or seagrass beds.