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What effect do incumbents have on elections?

What effect do incumbents have on elections?

For most political offices, the incumbent often has more name recognition due to their previous work in the office. Incumbents also have easier access to campaign finance, as well as government resources (such as the franking privilege) that can be indirectly used to boost the incumbent’s re-election campaign.

What is the incumbency effect quizlet?

Terms in this set (7) Incumbency Effect. the tendency of those already holding office to win reelection- tends to be stronger for the house members rather than the senate. Name recognition. voters are more likely to recognize the office holder than the challenger.

What is one reason why incumbents have the advantage in elections quizlet?

The incumbent often has more name recognition because of their previous work in the office they occupy. Incumbents have easier access to campaign finance and government resources that can be indirectly used to boost a campaign. In general, incumbents have structural advantages over challengers during elections.

What are the advantages of incumbency quizlet?

Members of congress receive many perks that can be used to cultivate their constituencies–have an ability to appeal to voters who wouldn’t typically vote for your party, expand your base beyond your party.

What factors influence voter turnout?

The most important socioeconomic factor affecting voter turnout is education. The more educated a person is, the more likely they are to vote, even controlling for other factors that are closely associated with education level, such as income and class.

What is the difference between hard and soft money in elections?

Soft money (sometimes called non-federal money) means contributions made outside the limits and prohibitions of federal law. On the other hand, hard money means the contributions that are subject to FECA; that is, limited individual and PAC contributions only.

What is the purpose of a filibuster?

The Senate tradition of unlimited debate has allowed for the use of the filibuster, a loosely defined term for action designed to prolong debate and delay or prevent a vote on a bill, resolution, amendment, or other debatable question.

Which of the following is the process of adjusting the number of congressional seats allotted to each state?

“Apportionment” is the process of dividing the 435 memberships, or seats, in the House of Representatives among the 50 states. The Census Bureau conducts the census at 10-year intervals. At the conclusion of each census, the results are used to calculate the number of House memberships to which each state is entitled.

Why does franked mail give incumbents an advantage in reelection quizlet?

The franking privilege contributes to the incumbency effect by allowing incumbents the advantage of sending campaign information and promotions in the mail. This contributes to the incumbency effect because it makes members of Congress more likely to be elected in their first time running re-election.