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How did the Roman republic expand through the Mediterranean?

How did the Roman republic expand through the Mediterranean?

Rome consolidated its position in Italy by conquering the Gauls, thereby extending its rule northward from the Po River to the Alps. The Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) Hannibal, Carthage’s great general, led an army from Spain across the Alps and into Italy.

How did Roman expansion in the Mediterranean affect Rome?

How did Roman expansion in the Mediterranean affect Rome? It created the problem of who should hold power. This later became civil war.

What was the impact of expansion on the Roman Republic?

Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.

Why did Rome expand its power throughout the Mediterranean region?

Rome’s location on the Italian peninsula, and the Tiber River, provided access to trade routes on the Mediterranean Sea. As a result, trade was an important part of life in ancient Rome. Later, the Roman armies used these same routes to conquer large amounts of territory and expand the empire along the Mediterranean.

Who ruled over Rome before it became a republic?

The aristocracy (wealthy class) dominated the early Roman Republic. In Roman society, the aristocrats were known as patricians. The highest positions in the government were held by two consuls, or leaders, who ruled the Roman Republic.

What were the Three Steps in Rome’s expansion throughout the Mediterranean region?

Rome’s earliest conquests can be neatly divided into three parts — the conquest of central Italy, the conquest of northern italy, and the conquest of southern Italy. We begin with central Italy. From 500-400 Rome fought primarily against hill tribes and nearby cities in Central Italy.

What was one consequence of Roman expansion during the Republic quizlet?

What was one consequence of Roman expansion during the republic? The city of Rome was flooded with landless poor people.

What advantages did a Maniple give Romans in battle?

What advantages did a maniple have in battle? They could move and fight on their own,+ create a battle line. Approximately how many soldiers made up a legion, and what kind of soldiers were they? There were approximately 4,500-5,000 soldiers,most were foot soldiers, some were maniples.

Did Greece have aqueducts?

Aqueducts were used in ancient Greece, ancient Egypt, and ancient Rome. In modern times, the largest aqueducts of all have been built in the United States to supply large cities. Aqueducts sometimes run for some or all of their path through tunnels constructed underground.

How did Rome gain control of the Mediterranean region group of answer choices?

How did Rome gain control over the Mediterranean? During the Second Punic War, Macedonia had been allied wtih Carthage. To get revenge, Rome started a war against Macedonia and defeated it in 197 B.C. The Greek cities came under Roman protectins. By 133 B.C. Rome had extened its control over the entire region.

Why would Romans have wanted to control the Mediterranean sea?

The Mediterranean Sea was important to the Roman Empire in that it was a vital trade link with other parts of the Empire, especially the Middle East and North Africa. The Romans referred to it as “their sea” and would not allow competing empires to flourish on it, such as the Greeks and Egyptians.

What was the Roman expansion in the Mediterranean?

By pacifying or conquering foreign lands, Rome achieved total superiority of the ancient Mediterranean world. A period of Roman expansion in the Mediterranean occurred during the Mid-Republic, from 263-133 BCE. During this time Rome engaged in three wars against its rival, Carthage, known as the Punic Wars.

Why did Rome expand in the first place?

As a consequence of their eventual victory in 396 B.C., the Romans doubled their territory. The ancient sources present this first stage of expansion as a justified extension of Rome’s defensive perimeter rather than as the result of premeditated wars of conquest.

How did the Roman Empire change its culture?

What is clear is that the great expansion of Rome’s territory and international power brought major changes to Roman society and culture. Rome’s overseas wars meant long-term contacts with new peoples that produced unexpected and often controversial influences on Roman life.

How did the collapse of the Roman Empire affect trade?

When the Empire collapsed, trade throughout the lands that had once made up the Roman Empire, also collapsed. The Mediterranean Sea became a dangerous place for merchants as there were no powers to control the activities of pirates who marauded as far north as the English Channel.