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How did Schopenhauer influence Nietzsche?

How did Schopenhauer influence Nietzsche?

ABSTRACT: On the basis of his metaphysics, Schopenhauer was led to advocate quietism and resignation as attitudes toward life. Schopenhauer assumed that sympathy and compassion have a benign effect upon those who experience these emotions; Nietzsche maintains they have the opposite effect.

What is Schopenhauer’s distinction between the world as it appears and the world as it is in itself?

Schopenhauer identifies the thing-in-itself—the inner essence of everything—as will: a blind, unconscious, aimless striving devoid of knowledge, outside of space and time, and free of all multiplicity….The World as Will and Representation.

The title page of the expanded 1844 edition
Author Arthur Schopenhauer
Subject Metaphysics

What was Schopenhauer’s philosophy?

Schopenhauer’s metaphysics and philosophy of nature led him to the doctrine of pessimism: the view that sentient beings, with few exceptions, are bound to strive and suffer greatly, all without any ultimate purpose or justification and thus life is not really worth living.

Was Schopenhauer a nihilist?

One such reaction to the loss of meaning is what Nietzsche calls passive nihilism, which he recognizes in the pessimistic philosophy of Schopenhauer. A nihilist is a man who judges of the world as it is that it ought not to be, and of the world as it ought to be that it does not exist.

Why was Schopenhauer a pessimist about life?

He is also known as the philosopher of pessimism, as he articulated a worldview that challenges the value of existence. Schopenhauer’s lack of recognition during most of his lifetime may have been due to the iconoclasm of his thought, but it was probably also partly due to his irascible and stubborn temperament.

Was Nietzsche a nihilist?

Summary. Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher’s nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche’s and only Kierkegaard’s and Sartre’s are as radical.

Who are the philosophers?

Philosophers Table of Contents

  • Thomas Aquinas.
  • Aristotle.
  • Confucius.
  • René Descartes.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson.
  • Michel Foucault.
  • David Hume.
  • Immanuel Kant.

Who is the famous German philosopher?

1. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844 – 1900) With an HPI of 91.80, Friedrich Nietzsche is the most famous German Philosopher.

Why is nihilism bad?

You are right to reject it: nihilism is harmful and mistaken. However, it is not an abstruse philosophical irrelevance, because everyone falls into nihilism at least occasionally. Fear of nihilism is a main reason people commit to other stances, such as eternalism and existentialism, that are also harmful and mistaken.

Why Nietzsche is not a nihilist?

It seems to me that people claim Nietzsche wasn’t a nihilist because he encouraged people to give meaning to their lives and overcome nihilism by finding their lives worth living despite nihilism, but Nietzsche did accept this definition of nihilism as the accurate state of affairs – there is no intrinsic value or …

Is Buddhism a pessimistic or optimistic religion?

Buddhism is neither pessimistic nor optimistic. It is realistic. It (Buddhism) takes a realistic view of life and of the world.

What are Nietzsche’s main beliefs?

Nietzsche insists that there are no rules for human life, no absolute values, no certainties on which to rely. If truth can be achieved at all, it can come only from an individual who purposefully disregards everything that is traditionally taken to be “important.” Such a super-human person {Ger.

Why did Friedrich Nietzsche believe in the will to power?

In his early twenties, Nietzsche read “The World as Will and Representation” by Arthur Schopenhauer and fell under its spell. Schopenhauer offered a deeply pessimistic vision of life, and at the heart of it was his idea that a blind, ceaselessly striving, irrational force he called “Will” constituted the dynamic essence of the world.

What does Nietzsche say about value of life?

Nietzsche makes the finding in The Twilight of the Idols: “The value of life can not be assessed. Not a living because it is a party, and even in dispute, nor by a death, for any other reason. ” Judge objectively the meaning of life requires them to extract, which is impossible.

Where did Friedrich Nietzsche live most of his life?

In the late 1870s, Nietzsche broke with Wagner, disgusted by the cult of personality surrounding Wagner as well as with Wagner’s German nationalism and anti-Semitism. Between 1879 and 1889, Nietzsche lived mostly in Switzerland and Italy, subsisting on a small university pension and writing furiously despite his declining health.

What kind of health problems did Friedrich Nietzsche have?

Nietzsche volunteered to serve as a medical orderly in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 and returned to Basel after having contracted dysentery, diphtheria, and perhaps syphilis. Health problems would plague him for the rest of his life.