Does the hole in the ozone layer cause global warming?
Ozone depletion and climate change are linked in a number of ways, but ozone depletion is not a major cause of climate change. Atmospheric ozone has two effects on the temperature balance of the Earth. It absorbs solar ultraviolet radiation, which heats the stratosphere.
What are the adverse effects of ozone hole formation?
Ozone layer depletion causes increased UV radiation levels at the Earth’s surface, which is damaging to human health. Negative effects include increases in certain types of skin cancers, eye cataracts and immune deficiency disorders.
What is causing the hole in the ozone layer?
Reasons for the ozone hole The ozone hole has developed because people have polluted the atmosphere with chemicals containing chlorine and bromine. The primary chemicals involved are chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs for short), halons, and carbon tetrachloride.
How is ozone layer depletion related to global warming?
Greenhouse gases absorb heat at relatively low altitudes and warm the surface–but they have the opposite effect in higher altitudes because they prevent heat from rising. In a cooler stratosphere, ozone loss creates a cooling effect that results in further ozone depletion.
Do CFCs cause global warming?
Climate change While acting to destroy ozone, CFCs and HCFCs also act to trap heat in the lower atmosphere, causing the earth to warm and climate and weather to change. Taken together greenhouse gases are expected to warm the planet by 2.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of century.
How do humans destroy the ozone layer?
Human activities cause the emission of halogen source gases that contain chlorine and bromine atoms. These emissions into the atmosphere ultimately lead to stratospheric ozone depletion. The source gases that con- tain only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine are called “chlo- rofluorocarbons,” usually abbreviated as CFCs.